Thursday, November 22, 2007
Transforming the site of the Pushkin Museum, Foster + Partners’ bold masterplan will encompass the sensitive refurbishment of the museum itself, as well as the subtle treatment of the listed villas around the site to create a new cultural quarter in the heart of Moscow. Connections between the buildings will be reinforced with extensive landscaping and the creation of a new below ground circulation route, so that the site is reinvented as a world class year-round cultural and civic destination, anchored by the Pushkin Museum.
The museum building, itself, completed in 1912, will have its original grand entrance reinstated, its spectacular glazed roof restored and its gallery space considerably increased. Two existing courtyards within the footprint of the building will be glazed to provide year-round spaces and the west courtyard becomes a new focal point with access to subterranean exhibition spaces that lead to other parts of the quarter.
The scheme also reinvents the diverse collection of buildings owned by the Pushkin Museum across the site to increase exhibition and archive space. In addition, Stulov’s Lodging House will become a boutique hotel. Four new buildings include an exhibition building, a 600-seat multi-functional concert hall, a library and a new administration building.
Characterised by lush tree-lined boulevards, the site will be pedestrianised, with new gardens to complement the existing courtyards. During the colder months, the network of routes below ground creates a sheltered ‘winter route’ and an alternative means to move between buildings. Light wells allow natural light to filter down while also creating a strong relationship to the above ground environment. The light wells also mark strategic points to move between levels.
The site is near a number of urban landmarks, including the Kremlin and the renowned Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. The scheme celebrates connections to this wider urban context, improving accessibility with the nearby metro station feeding directly into the below ground circulation route. There is also new underground parking for visitors and staff, as well as discreet servicing for vehicles below ground.
Norman Foster said:
“I am very excited by this extraordinary project to create a cultural quarter for the Pushkin Museum and for Moscow. It is a true masterplan in the sense that it is less about individual buildings and more about the coherence of the site in its entirety, with an emphasis on landscaping and public spaces. It is also about enhancing connections – both above and below ground. Improvements to the historic buildings and better provisions for back-of-house facilities will make the Pushkin’s magnificent collections more accessible and part of a wider destination.”
Friday, November 16, 2007
Crown Las Vegas was originally proposed to rise to a height of 1,888 feet (575 m) but the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was concerned with the proposed height, due to the tower's proximity to McCarran International Airport and Nellis Air Force Base. On October 24, 2007, the FAA denied the project, deeming that the tower was a "hazard to aviation". As a result of the decision, Clark County code prohibited its construction at the proposed height. There are currently plans to resubmit the project, with a new height of 1,150 feet (575 m). This would make the final height of the tower only one foot taller than the Stratosphere Tower. A final opinion from the FAA is pending.
Location Las Vegas Boulevard South
Estimated completion 2012
Use Hotel, Casino, Conference, Retail, Observation
Height 1,150 ft (350 m)
Architect Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill
Developer IDM Properties
Saturday, November 10, 2007
Height 1,001 m (3,284 ft)
Height to roof 900 m
Height to top floor 897 m
Friday, November 2, 2007
On September 18, 2007, British architect Lord Foster has been chosen by the Catalan club to "restructure" the 98,000-seater stadium at a cost of €250m. The stadium will be given a complete facelift, with a mosaic of multi colored tiles in blue and scarlet, the football team colors, and red and yellow, those of Catalonia's flag. Construction work will begin in 2009 and is due to be completed by the start of the 2011-2012 season.
The architectural proposal described here places a strong emphasis on giving the stadium a vital and distinctive presence within the urban fabric it is situated.
The stadium will become well known not just for its distinctive appearance from within its seating bowl but also its dramatic new external architecture.
The design of the stadium’s exterior façade will allow for the stadium to transform itself between day and night and also between non-match days and match days. The stadium’s volume is enveloped within a mosaic veil of colored tiles. The tiles are a mixture of colored polycarbonate panels and colored glass panels. These give the stadium a distinctive outer skin which will make a visual matrix of color, shade and reflections.
At night the stadium will be energized by lights built into the façade to become a beacon to attract fans and respond to the excitement of the match itself. This appearance can be expected to place the stadium as a “must-see” venue for both football fans and architecture admirers who visit the city of Barcelona. It should be expected that the external image of the stadium will become a recognized brand for FC Barcelona.
The mosaic screen wrapping around he sides of the stadium is composed of an array of coloured polycarbonate panel tiles which embody the colors of FC Barcelona. The panels are fixed to a diagrid cable net which is tensioned between the roof level above he seating bowl and the ground. The accumulated effect of the screen will provide rain protection to the naturally ventilated spaces within the stadium including the public concourse areas.
From outside the stadium the mosaic tiles will create a vibrant effect of colors and reflections. From inside the stadium the tiles will filter the different components of the club colors into the various internal spaces.
External Facade Animated Lighting Effect
Integrated within the colored tiles of the side enclosure are special lighting elements which mean that the entire external façade can be used for animated lighting displays. The entire stadium enclosure will work as a giant screen which can project moving full-color images to the stadium surround. Such images can range from low-key ambient displays to vibrant and more detailed displays on event-nights.
The roof over the stadium carries an extension of the stadium’s external mosaic over the stadium seating bowl. The colors of the Club will also be seen in the soffit of the roof. The density of the colors reduces towards the inside edge of the roof where it blends into the sky. The roof enclosure is a lightweight translucent enclosure composed of colored polycarbonate panels fixed to the top surface of the cable net structure.
The remodeled stadium is designed such that its can be built with minimal disruption FC Barcelona normal football activity. The following are the main strategic objectives for the construction methodology:
• Avoid disruption to normal FC Barcelona’s football activity. All matches can be played as usual.
• The stadium’s overall spectator seating capacity suffers no reduction during the works.
• The new services road tunnel around the stadium is built around the outside of the existing stadium without affecting the existing structure.
• Primary new vertical circulation cores to the enlarged Upper Tier are built around the outside of the existing stadium.
• Roof construction can progress throughout the football seasons. Work would take place during the time between programmed matches and the work made safe and secure prior to each match.
• No temporary towers are required on the arena or over the seating bowl for the roof construction.
• The existing roof over the Tribuna can remain in position until the new stadium roof is completed over the west stand.
• The stadium remains open to visitors at all times. The stadium tour route may be diverted at some times according to works phasing.
In terms access and circulation, the most dramatic change that will be enjoyed by spectators arriving at the remodelled stadium will be for those accessing the upper tier. Instead of long ramps or stairs, all spectators will travel up to the upper concourse level by mechanical escalators from ground level. Six escalator groups are distributed around the stadium set within the new band of superstructure around the Camp Nou. Spectators using these escalators will be able to enjoy views over the stadium surrounding as they rise up effortlessly the stadium’s new upper concourse level. Disabled spectators will have the use of lifts up to the upper tier.
General match day amenities
The remodelled stadium offers a dramatic amenity improvement for all spectators. The general public spectators will benefit from a huge increase in the numbers of
toilets available inside the stadium. On the newly expanded concourses all spectators will have access to a much increased number of food and beverage outlets
which should be able to offer a wider choice for customers. All such outlets will also have queuing areas provide to avoid congestion of the concourse circulation.
The quality of environment on the concourse is dramatically improved. Natural daylight is encouraged into the circulation spaces to create a more agreeable ambience.